On December 10, 2015, Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), was signed into law. ESSA is a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). ESSA replaces its predecessor, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB).ESSA offers LEAs greater flexibility for using federal funds to effectively implement comprehensive, districtwide research-based initiatives that maximize student academic outcomes, particularly for those students at risk of not meeting challenging state academic assessment standards.
ESSA renews the U.S. Department of Education’s emphasis on comprehensive needs assessments and improvement planning. The new regulations increase LEAs’ responsibilities for monitoring student outcomes, coordinated use of federal funds, and for offering high-quality guidance and technical assistance to schools engaged in continuous improvement planning.
The primary function of ESSA is to close the achievement gap between groups of students by requiring greater accountability and offering increased flexibility and choice.
Title I, Part A programs focus on promoting reform in high-poverty schools and ensuring student access to scientifically-based instructional strategies and challenging academic content. The purpose of these funds is to ensure that children have fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain high-quality education; and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging state standards and assessments.
Title I, Part A funds are allocated to schools and may be utilized for schoolwide programs and/or targeted assistance programs.
§ Schoolwide programs - schools with 40 percent or more poverty have the flexibility to use Title I, Part A, funds along with other federal, state, and local funds to upgrade the entire educational program in a school to improve the academic performance of all students, particularly the lowest achieving students.
§ Targeted assistance programs provide supplemental assistance to targeted campuses to assist eligible students in meeting state academic achievement standards.
Region 18 Education Service Center provides professional development and technical assistance to districts and charter schools in maintaining federal program compliance with ESSA guidelines and implementation mandates as well as the effective use of federal resources to impact and ensure greater student achievement.
Areas of focus for Title I schoolwide and targeted assistance programs:
§ Comprehensive Needs Assessment (CNA)
§ District/Campus plans
§ Parental Involvement
§ Parental Involvement Policies & Compacts
§ Parent notification requirements
§ Maintenance of Effort (MOE)
§ Equity Data Survey (PR1500)
§ Schoolwide Components
§ Program Effectiveness Evaluation
State Compensatory Education provides supplemental resources to local education agencies to help schools with high concentrations of students from low-income families provide high-quality education which will enable all children to meet the state student performance standards.
The goal of State Compensatory Education is to reduce any disparity in performance on assessment instruments administered under Subchapter B, Chapter 39, or disparity in the rates of high school completion between students at risk of dropping out of school and all other district students.